Narrative Research

[Narrative inquiry] signals the activities involved in working with the various kinds of stories of life experiences…. Narrative inquiry encompasses issues of narrative ontology, narrative knowing, voice, and representation. It is concerned with the means of generating data in the form of stories, means of interpreting that data, and means of representing it in narrative or storied form (Schwandt, p. 98).

Schwandt, T. A. (1997). Qualitative inquiry: A dictionary of terms. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

The Narrative Study of Lives

Alasuutari, P. (1997). The discursive construction of personality. The Narrative Study of Lives, 5, 1-20.

Alexander, I. E. (1990). Personology: Method and content in personality assessment and psychobiography. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Atkinson, R. (1998). The life story interview. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cochran, L. (1986). Portrait and story: Dramaturgical approaches to the study of persons. Westport, CT: Greenwood.

Cottle, T. J. (2000). Afterword: Life studies and the value of stories. In At peril: Stories of injustice (pp. 271-296). Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Daiute, C., & Lightfoot, C. (Eds.). (2004). Narrative analysis: Studying the development of individuals in society. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Denzin, N. K. (1989). Interpretive biography. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Goodson, I.F. (1995). The story so far: Personal knowledge and the political. In J.A. Hatch & R. Wisniewski (Eds.), Life history and narrative (pp. 89-98). Washington, DC: Falmer Press.

Goodson, I. & Walker., R. (1995). Telling tales. In H. McEwan & K. Egan (Eds.), Narrative in teaching, learning, and research (pp. 184-194). New York: Teachers College Press.

Gubrium, J.F. & Holstein, J.A. (1995). Biographical work and new ethnography. Interpreting experience: The Narrative Study of Lives, 3, 45-58.

Hatch, J. A., & Wisniewski, R.  (1995a). Life history and narrative: Questions, issues, and exemplary works. In J.A. Hatch & R. Wisniewski (Eds.), Life history and narrative (pp. 113-135).  Washington, DC: Falmer Press.

Hatch, J. A., & Wisniewski, R. (Eds.). (1995b). Life history and narrative. Washington, DC: Falmer Press.

Huberman, M. (1995). Working with life history narratives. In H. McEwan & K. Egan (Eds.), Narrative in teaching, learning, and research (pp. 127-165). New York: Teachers College Press.

Josselson, R. (Ed.). (1996). Ethics and Process in the Narrative Study of Lives, 4. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Josselson, R., & Lieblich, A. (Eds.). (1993). The Narrative Study of Lives, 1. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Josselson, R., & Lieblich, A. (Eds.). (1995). Interpreting Experience: The Narrative Study of Lives, 3. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Josselson, R., & Lieblich, A. (Eds.). (1998). Making Meaning of Narratives: The Narrative Study of Lives, 6. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.  

Josselson, R., Lieblich, A., & McAdams, D. P. (Eds.). (2003). Up close and personal: The teaching and learning of narrative research. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Lieblich, A., & Josselson, R. (Eds.). (1994). Exploring Identity and Gender: The Narrative Study of Lives, 2. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Lieblich, A., & Josselson, R. (Eds.). (1997). The Narrative Study of Lives, 5. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

McAdams, D. P. (1985). Power, intimacy, and the life story: Personological inquiries into identity. New York: Guilford Press.

Merrill, J. B. (2007). Stories of narrative: On social scientific uses of narrative in multiple disciplines. Colorado Research in Linguistics, 20, 1-25.

Plummer, K. (1995). Life story research. In J.A. Smith, R. Harre, & L. Van Langerhove,  (Eds.), Rethinking methods in psychology (pp. 50-63). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Portelli, L. (1990). The death of Luigi Trastulli and other stories: Form and meaning in oral history. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Reissman, C. K. (2008). Narrative methods for the human sciences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Smith, L.M. (1998). Biographical method. In N.K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Strategies of qualitative inquiry (pp. 184-224). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Smith, B., & Sparkes, A. C. (2006). Narrative inquiry in psychology: Exploring the tensions within. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 169-192.

Smythe, W. E., & Murray, M. J. (2000). Owning the story: Ethical considerations in narrative research. Ethics & Behavior, 10(4), 311-336.

Tonkin, E. (1992). Narrating our pasts: The social construction of oral history. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Widdershoven, G.A.M. (1993). The story of life: Hermeneutic perspectives on the relationship between narrative and life history. The Narrative Study of Lives, 1, 1-20. 

Narrative Research: Methodology

Andrews, M., Squire, C., & Tamboukou, M. (Eds.). (2008). Doing narrative research. Los Angeles: Sage.

Bloom, L.R. & Britzman, D.P. (1998). Under the sign of hope: Feminist methodology and narrative interpretation. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Bochner, A.P. (2001). Narrative’s virtues. Qualitative Inquiry, 7(2), 131-157.

Clandinin, J. (Ed.). (2007). Handbook of narrative inquiry: Mapping a methodology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Clandinin, D. J., & Connelly, F. M. (1998). Personal experience methods. In N.K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials: Dealing with empirical material and interpretations (pp. 150- 178). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Clandinin, D. J., & Connelly, F. M. (1999). Narrative inquiry: Experience and story in qualitative research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cortazzi, M. (1993). Narrative analysis. Washington, DC: Falmer Press.

Gubrium, J. F., & Holstein, J. A. (2009). Analyzing narrative reality. Los Angeles: Sage.

Herda, E. A. (1999). Research conversations and narrative: A critical hermeneutic orientation in participatory inquiry. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Janesick, V.J. (1998). The dance of qualitative research design: Metaphor, methodolatry, and meaning. In N.K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Strategies of qualitative inquiry (pp. 35-55). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Josselson, R. (1995). Imagining the real: Empathy, narrative, and the dialogic self. Interpreting Experience: The Narrative Study of Lives, 3, 27-44.

Josselson, R., Lieblich, A., & McAdams, D. P. (2003). Up close and personal: The teaching and learning of narrative research. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Josselson, R., Lieblich, A., Sharabany, R., & Wiseman, H. (1997). Conversation as method: Analyzing the effects of growing up communally on later relationships. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Lawrence-Lightfoot, S., & Davis, J. H. (1997). The art and science of portraiture. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Polkinghorne, D. (1995). Narrative configuration in qualitative analysis. In J.A. Hatch & R. Wisniewski (Eds.), Life history and narrative (pp. 5-23). Washington, DC: Falmer Press.

Price, J. (1998). In acknowledgement: A review and critique of qualitative research texts. Making Meaning of Narratives: The Narrative Study of Lives, 6, 1-24.

Reason, P., & Hawkins, P. (1989). Storytelling as inquiry. In P. Reason (Ed.), Human inquiry in action: Developments in new paradigm research (pp. 79-101). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Reissman, C. K. (1993). Narrative analysis. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Rosenwald, G.C. (1996). Making whole: Method and ethics in mainstream and narrative psychology. Ethics and Process in the Narrative Study of Lives, 4, 245-274.

Russo, T. J., & McClure, B. A. (1996). Finding the self: Approaches to narrative investigation. Guidance and Counselling, 12, 3-6.

Wortham, S. E. (2001). Narratives in action: A strategy for research and analysis. New York: Teachers College Press.

Narrative Research: Evaluative Criteria

Blumenfeld-Jones, D. (1995). Fidelity as a criterion for practicing and evaluating narrative inquiry. In J.A. Hatch & R. Wisniewski (Eds.), Life history and narrative (pp. 25-35). Washington, DC: Falmer Press.

Bochner, A. P. (2000). Criteria against ourselves. Qualitative Inquiry, 6(2), 266-272.

Bochner, A. P. (2001). Narrative’s virtues. Qualitative Inquiry, 7(2), 131-157.

Denzin, N. K. (2000). Aesthetics and the practices of quality inquiry. Qualitative Inquiry, 6(2), 256-265.

Ellis, C. (2000). Creating criteria: An ethnographic short story. Qualitative Inquiry, 6(2), 273-277.

Richardson, L. (2000). Evaluating ethnography. Qualitative Inquiry, 6(2), 253-255.

Narrative Research: Data Gathering (Interviews)

Atkinson, R. (1998). The life story interview. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Chase, S.E. (1995). Taking narratives seriously: Consequences for method and theory in interview studies. Interpreting Experience: The Narrative Study of Lives, 3, 1-26. 

Kvale, S., & Brinkman, S. (2009). InterViews: Learning the craft of qualitative research interviewing (2nd ed.). Los Angeles: Sage.

Kvale, S. (1996). InterViews: An introduction to qualitative research interviewing. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Mattingly, C., & Lawlor, M. (2000). Learning from stories: Narrative interviewing in cross-cultural research. Scandanvian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 7, 4-14.

Mishler, E. G. (1986). Research interviewing: Context and narrative. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Ochberg, R.L. (1994). Life stories and storied lives. Exploring Identity and Gender: The Narrative Study of Lives, 2, 113-144.

Randall, W. L., Prior, S. M., & Skarborn, M. (2006). How listeners shape what tellers tell: Patterns of interaction in life story interviews and their impact on reminiscence by elderly interviewees. Journal of Aging Studies, 20, 381-396.

Rosenthal, G. (1993). Reconstruction of life stories: Principles of selection in generating stories for narrative bibliographic interviews. The Narrative Study of Lives, 1, 59-91.

Narrative Research: Data Analysis

Lieblich, A., Mashiach, R. T., & Zilber, T. (1998). Narrative research: Reading, analysis, and interpretation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Manning, P.K. & Cullum-Swan, B. (1998). Narrative, content, and semiotic analysis. In N.K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials: Dealing with empirical material and  interpretations (pp. 246-273). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

McCormack, C. (2000a). From interview transcript to interpretive story: Part 1 – Viewing the transcript through multiple lenses. Field Methods, 12(4), 282-297.

McCormack, C. (2000b). From interview transcript to interpretive story: Part 2 – Developing an interpretive story. Field Methods, 12(4), 298-315.   

Ochberg, R.L. (1994). Life stories and storied lives. Exploring Identity and Gender: The Narrative Study of Lives, 2, 113-144.

Ochberg, R.L. (1996). Interpreting lifestories. Ethics and Process in the Narrative Study of Lives, 4, 97-113.

Rosenthal, G. (1993). Reconstruction of life stories: Principles of selection in generating stories for narrative bibliographic interviews. The Narrative Study of Lives, 1, 59-91

Narrative Research:  Data Re/Presentation (Writing)

Banks, A., & Banks, S. P. (Eds.). (1998). Fiction and social research: By ice or fire. Thousand Oaks, CA: AltaMira Press.

Denzin, N. K. (1989). Interpretive biography. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Denzin, N. K. (1996a). Interpretive ethnography: Ethnographic practices for the 21st century. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Denzin, N. K. (1996b). Ethnographic poetics and narratives of the self, Interpretive ethnography: Ethnographic practices for the 21st century (pp. 199-228). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Denzin, N. K. (1996c). Reading narrative, Interpretive ethnography: Ethnographic practices for the 21st century (pp. 231-249). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Denzin, N.K. (1997). Performance texts. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 179-217). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Ellis, C. (1997). Evocative autoethnography: Writing emotionally about our lives. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 115-139). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Ely, M., Vinz, R., Anzul, M., & Downing, M. (1997). On writing qualitative research: Living by words. Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.

Emihovich, C. (1995). Distancing passion: Narratives in social science. In J.A. Hatch & R. Wisniewski (Eds.), Life history and narrative (pp. 37-48). Washington, DC: Falmer Press.

Janesick, V. J. (1999). A journal about journal writing as a qualitative research technique: History, issues, and reflections. Qualitative Inquiry, 5(4), 505-524.

Kincheloe, J. (1997). Fiction formulas: Critical constructivism and the representation of reality. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 57-79). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Krieger, S. (1991). Social science and the self: Personal essays as an art form. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Lincoln, Y. S. (1997). Self, subject, audience, text: Living at the edge, writing in the margins. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 37-55). Albany: State University of New York Press.

McLaren, P. (1997). The ethnograher as postmodern flaneur: Critical reflexivity and postthybridity as narrative engagement. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 143-177). Albany: State University of New York Press.

McWilliam, E. (1997). Performing between the posts: authority, posture and contemporary feminist scholarship. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 219-232). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Pinar, W.F. (1997). Regimes of reason and the male narrative voice. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 81-113). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Polkinghorne, D.E. (1997). Reporting qualitative research as practice. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 3-21). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Richardson, L. (1990). Writing strategies: Reaching diverse audiences. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Richardson, L. (1998). Writing: A method of inquiry. In N.K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials: Dealing with empirical material and  interpretations (pp. 345-371). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Rose, D. (1990). Living the ethnographic life. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Schwandt, T.A. (1997). Textual gymnastics, ethics, and angst. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 305-311). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Tierney, W.G. (1997). Lost in translation: Time and voice in qualitative research. In W.G. Tierney & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice (pp. 23-36). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Tierney, W.G. (Ed.) (1999). Writing life’s history. [Special issue]. Qualitative Inquiry, 5(3).

Tierney, W. G., & Lincoln, Y. S. (Eds.). (1997). Representation and the text: Re-framing the narrative voice. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Van Manen, M. (1988). Tales of the field: On writing ethnography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Zeller, N. (1995a). Narrative strategies for case reports. In J.A. Hatch & R. Wisniewski (Eds.), Life history and narrative (pp. 75-88). Washington, DC: Falmer Press.

Zeller, N. (1995b). Narrative rationality in educational research. In H. McEwan & K. Egan (Eds.), Narrative in teaching, learning, and research (pp. 211-225). New York: Teachers College Press.